Characteristics of Carbon Monoxide (CO)
Carbon monoxide is a colorless gas invisible to human senses. Carbon monoxide is a byproduct of combustion and will appear naturally in any situation where burning has taken place.
Carbon monoxide is a highly toxic gas, termed a toxic asphyxiant, meaning it reduces the oxygen transport properties of the blood. It reacts with the hemoglobin in the blood-forming carboxyhemoglobin, which prevents the hemoglobin from transferring oxygen. Low PPM doses of carbon monoxide can cause headaches and dizziness with no permanent damage if the person evacuates to fresh air. High doses can be fatal.
More about Carbon Monoxide
CARBON MONOXIDE - CO
Will explode; LEL 12.5%
Carbon oxide, flue gas, monoxide
PEL\TWA: 50 ppm
STEL: 400 ppm/ 15 min.
IDLH: 1500 ppm / 30 min.
Steel mills, fire departments, garages, loading docks, electrical utilities, and general industries
Effects of Various CO Levels
CO Level in PPM
Resulting Conditions on Humans
Permissible Exposure Level for 8 hours (OSHA).
Possible mild frontal headache in 2 to 3 hours.
Frontal headache and nausea after 1 to 2 hours. Occipital after 2-1/2 to 3-1/2 hours.
Headache, dizziness, and nausea in 45 minutes. Collapse and possible death in 2 hours.
Headache, dizziness, and nausea in 20 minutes. Collapse and death in 1 hour.
Headache and dizziness in 5 to 10 minutes. Unconsciousness and danger of death in 30 minutes.
Headache and dizziness in 1 to 2 minutes. Unconsciousness and danger of death in 10 to 15 minutes.
Immediate effects-unconsciousness. Danger of death in 1 to 3 minutes.